Horse gender and age terminology

Sometimes when you just start riding, or when you don't know a lot about horses/horse care you don't actually know the proper name for horse gender and their age. It is important to know because you want to sound experienced and professional when talking to your coach or riding friends. Here is a list of Horse gender and age terminology to have you sound like a pro and to become a horse expert.


Foal- A baby horse of any gender under the age of 1.


Weanling - A foal of any gender that has been weaned (foals get weaned between 4-7 months)


Yearling- A horse of any gender that is between 1-2 years old.


Filly- A female horse under the age of 4.


Colt- A non gelded male horse under the age of 4.


Mare- A female horse above the age of 4.


Broodmare- A female horse kept for breeding.


Stallion- A male horse above the age of 4 that has not been gelded.


Gelding - A male horse any age that has been gelded (castrated).


It is important to know the correct terminology for age and gender if you want to sound like you know what you are doing. If you study these terminologies every day you will sound like a true equine expert. I hope this post helped you out. xx The Desert Rider




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